Hengill intro

The Hengill volcanic system, cutting through Thingvallavatn lake, consists of a series of NE-SW-trending fissure vents, crater rows, and small shield volcanoes occupying a strongly faulted graben. Hengill is the easternmost of a series of four closely spaced basaltic fissure systems that cut diagonally across the Reykjanes Peninsula and lies at the triple junction of the Reykjanes Peninsula volcanic zone, the Western volcanic zone, and the South Iceland seismic zone. Postglacial lava flows surface much of the volcanic system. The latest eruption was radiocarbon dated about 1900 years before present. An eruption in the Hellisheidi area once thought to have occurred around 1000 AD at the time of a meeting of the Icelandic parliament at Thingvellir is now known to have occurred at a vent about 5 km away in the Brennisteinsfjöll volcanic system. The high-temperature Nesjavellir geothermal area NE of the uplifted hyaloclastite ridge forming the Hengill central volcano and the Helllisheidi geothermal field SW of Hengill are major producers of geothermal energy for Reykjavik

Country: Iceland
Subregion Name: Southwestern Iceland
Volcano Number: 1701-05=
Volcano Type: Crater rows
Volcano Status: Historical
Last Known Eruption: 150 AD ± 75 years
Summit Elevation: 803 m 2,634 feet
Latitude: 64.08°N * 64°5’0″N
Longitude: 21.32°W 21°19’0″W


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